2018-02-22

Windows 7 無法安裝 IIS ASP.NET 模組

這個問題發生在公司的 Windows 7 電腦上,一般日常的程式功能開發大多使用 IIS Express,用到 IIS 的機會並不高,但如果要同時開多個 website,IIS 使用的資源量就會比開多個 Visual Studio 降低很多

最近一直想要釐清同事遇到的 CORS 405 錯誤,在反覆測試的過程中竟然把 IIS 搞到無法 host ASP.NET application,身為 ASP.NET 開發人員,卻無法在 IIS 上建立 ASP.NET 站台XD,讓很多測試情境無法進行,嚴重影響工作效率

當然最終手段 - 重灌,可以解決問題,但除非必要實在不好意思麻煩 MIS 同事,幸虧最後找到不用重灌的解決方法,就來看看該如何解決問題吧


重現錯誤

  1. 開啟 Turn Windows features on or off

    7turnfeature

  2. Internet Information Services --> World Wide Web Services --> Application Development Features

    1winfeature

  3. 勾選 ASP.NET 會連帶選取 .NET Extensibility,ISAPI Extensions,ISAPI Filters

    2aspnet

  4. 開始安裝

    3installing

  5. 出現安裝失敗錯誤

    4fail

  6. 要求重新開機

    5restart

錯誤訊息

  • Event Viewer 中出現大量錯誤

    6eventviewer

  • 錯誤訊息內容
    Unable to install counter strings because the SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\ASP.NET_2.0.50727\Performance key could not be opened or accessed. The first DWORD in the Data section contains the Win32 error code.
    
    Installing the performance counter strings for service ASP.NET_2.0.50727 (ASP.NET_2.0.50727) failed. The first DWORD in the Data section contains the error code.
    
    Faulting application name: aspnetca.exe, version: 7.5.7601.17855, time stamp: 0x4fc84161
    Faulting module name: aspnetca.exe, version: 7.5.7601.17855, time stamp: 0x4fc84161
    Exception code: 0xc0000005
    Fault offset: 0x0000000000023ccb
    Faulting process id: 0xc2af8
    Faulting application start time: 0x01d3ab005ada9d8b
    Faulting application path: C:\Windows\System32\inetsrv\aspnetca.exe
    Faulting module path: C:\Windows\System32\inetsrv\aspnetca.exe
    Report Id: 9993f40c-16f3-11e8-8d78-8851fb678dd9
    
    Unable to install counter strings because the SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\ASP.NET_64_2.0.50727\Performance key could not be opened or accessed. The first DWORD in the Data section contains the Win32 error code.
    
    Installing the performance counter strings for service ASP.NET_64_2.0.50727 (ASP.NET_64_2.0.50727) failed. The first DWORD in the Data section contains the error code.
    
    Unable to install counter strings because the SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\ASP.NET_64\Performance key could not be opened or accessed. The first DWORD in the Data section contains the Win32 error code.
    
    Installing the performance counter strings for service ASP.NET_64 (ASP.NET_64) failed. The first DWORD in the Data section contains the error code.
    
    Faulting application name: aspnetca.exe, version: 7.5.7601.17855, time stamp: 0x4fc8366d
    Faulting module name: aspnetca.exe, version: 7.5.7601.17855, time stamp: 0x4fc8366d
    Exception code: 0xc0000005
    Fault offset: 0x0001d950
    Faulting process id: 0xc287c
    Faulting application start time: 0x01d3ab0060a54ebf
    Faulting application path: C:\Windows\SysWOW64\inetsrv\aspnetca.exe
    Faulting module path: C:\Windows\SysWOW64\inetsrv\aspnetca.exe
    Report Id: 9eda2f9c-16f3-11e8-8d78-8851fb678dd9
    
    Unable to install counter strings because the SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\ASP.NET_2.0.50727\Performance key could not be opened or accessed. The first DWORD in the Data section contains the Win32 error code.
    
    Installing the performance counter strings for service ASP.NET_2.0.50727 (ASP.NET_2.0.50727) failed. The first DWORD in the Data section contains the error code.
    

解決方式

  1. 移除 Internet Information Services Hostable Web Core
    • 開啟 Turn Windows features on or off

      7turnfeature

    • 取消勾選 Internet Information Services Hostable Web Core --> OK

      8iiswebcore

  2. 重新安裝 Internet Information Services Hostable Web CoreASP.NET
    • 開啟 Turn Windows features on or off

      7turnfeature

    • 勾選 Internet Information Services Hostable Web Core

      9iiswebcore

    • 勾選 ASP.NET 會連帶選取 .NET Extensibility,ISAPI Extensions,ISAPI Filters

      2aspnet

心得

網路上也有其他網友分享可以手動加入 registry key,但我個人測試下未能真正解決問題,但 Event Viewer 所紀錄的錯誤數量確實有減少,如果有遇到相同問題試過解除安裝 Internet Information Services Hostable Web Core 無效後也許可以試試手動加入 registry key

也嘗過過重新註冊 asp.net ,前後遇到 0x800702e4 (需要以 administrator 權限執行) 與 0x80004005,仍舊無法解決問題,個人經驗可以省略這個方式的嘗試

參考資訊

  1. Cannot enable .Net Extensibility and ASP.NET in Windows Features after VS installations

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