[Benchmark] 使用 C# 對 InfluxDB insert 操作的效能數據

之前筆記 使用 C# 存取 InfluxDB 紀錄了 C# 在 InfluxDB 的基本 CRUD,也提到新專案可能會使用 InfluxDB 儲存資料,在了解 C# 的基本用法後接著就來確認一下 C# 與 InfluxDB 這個組合在效能是否可以跟得上規劃中的系統需求

今天測試的 InfluxDB benchmark 是之前筆記 [Benchmark] 使用 C# 對 NoSQL insert 操作的效能數據 的延伸,大致上測試方式情境都會承襲於之前內容

基本環境說明

  1. macOS Mojave 10.14.6
  2. .NET Core SDK 2.2.301 (.NET Core Runtime 2.2.6)
  3. Docker for Mac 2.1.0.2 (37877)
  4. InfluxDB v1.7.8
  5. NuGet package

    • InfluxData.Net 8.0.1
    • BenchmarkDotNet 0.11.5
    • Bogus 28.3.1
  6. 測試用程式碼

    • User.cs

      public class User
      {
          public Guid UserId { get; set; }
          public string Name { get; set; }
          public DateTime Birthday { get; set; }
          public decimal CurrentSalary { get; set; }
      }
      
    • NoSQLAbstract.cs

      public abstract class NoSQLAbstract
      {
          [Params(100, 10000, 1000000)]
          public int Times { get; set; }
          public abstract Task InsertTest();
      }
      
    • InfluxDBTest.cs

      public class InfluxDBTest: NoSQLAbstract
      {
          [Benchmark]
          public override async Task InsertTest()
          {
              var influxDbClient = new InfluxDbClient("http://localhost:8086/", "admin", "pass.123", InfluxDbVersion.Latest);
      
              var dbName = "benchmark";
             // var response = await influxDbClient.Database.CreateDatabaseAsync(dbName);
      
              var fakesUsers = UserUtility.GetFakeUsers(Times);
      
              foreach (var userList in UserUtility.SpiltBySize(UserUtility.GetFakeUsers(Times), 10000))
              {
                  var pointToWrites =
                      userList.Select(a => new Point()
                      {
                          Name = "users",
      
                          //Tags = a.ToDictionary(),
                          Fields = a.ToDictionary()
                      });
      
                  await influxDbClient.Client.WriteAsync(pointToWrites, dbName);
              }
          }
      }
      
    • PocoToDictionary.cs

      這是之前筆記 C# - 將 Object 的 Property 與 Value 轉換為 Dictionary 測試轉型做法,找出較佳的做法

      public static class PocoToDictionary
      {
          private static readonly MethodInfo AddToDictionaryMethod = typeof(IDictionary<string, object>).GetMethod("Add");
          private static readonly ConcurrentDictionary<Type, Func<object, IDictionary<string, object>>> Converters = new ConcurrentDictionary<Type, Func<object,  IDictionary<string, object>>>();
          private static readonly ConstructorInfo DictionaryConstructor = typeof(Dictionary<string, object>).GetConstructors().FirstOrDefault(c => c.IsPublic &&  !c.GetParameters().Any());
      
          public static IDictionary<string, object> ToDictionary(this object obj) => obj == null ? null : Converters.GetOrAdd(obj.GetType(), o =>
          {
              var outputType = typeof(IDictionary<string, object>);
              var inputType = obj.GetType();
              var inputExpression = Expression.Parameter(typeof(object), "input");
              var typedInputExpression = Expression.Convert(inputExpression, inputType);
              var outputVariable = Expression.Variable(outputType, "output");
              var returnTarget = Expression.Label(outputType);
              var body = new List<Expression>
              {
                  Expression.Assign(outputVariable, Expression.New(DictionaryConstructor))
              };
              body.AddRange(
                  from prop in inputType.GetProperties(BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.FlattenHierarchy)
                  where prop.CanRead && (prop.PropertyType.IsPrimitive || prop.PropertyType == typeof(string))
                  let getExpression = Expression.Property(typedInputExpression, prop.GetMethod)
                  select Expression.Call(outputVariable, AddToDictionaryMethod, Expression.Constant(prop.Name), getExpression));
              body.Add(Expression.Return(returnTarget, outputVariable));
              body.Add(Expression.Label(returnTarget, Expression.Constant(null, outputType)));
      
              var lambdaExpression = Expression.Lambda<Func<object, IDictionary<string, object>>>(
                  Expression.Block(new[] { outputVariable }, body),
                  inputExpression);
      
              return lambdaExpression.Compile();
          })(obj);
      }
      
    • UserUtility.cs

      public static class UserUtility
      {
          public static List<User> GetFakeUsers(int times)
          {
              var fakesUsers = new Faker<User>()
                  .RuleFor(a => a.UserId, f => f.Random.Guid())
                  .RuleFor(a => a.Name, f => f.Name.FirstName())
                  .RuleFor(a => a.Birthday, f => f.Date.Past())
                  .RuleFor(a => a.CurrentSalary, f => f.Random.Decimal(0M, 10000M))
                  .Generate(times);
      
              return fakesUsers;
          }
      
          public static List<T>[] SpiltBySize<T>(List<T> list, int size)
          {
              if (list == null)
                  throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(list));
      
              if (size < 1)
                  throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("totalPartitions");
      
              var count = (int) Math.Ceiling(list.Count / (double) size);
              var partitions = new List<T>[count];
      
              var k = 0;
              for (var i = 0; i < partitions.Length; i++)
              {
                  partitions[i] = new List<T>(size);
                  for (var j = k; j < k + size; j++)
                  {
                      if (j >= list.Count)
                          break;
                      partitions[i].Add(list[j]);
                  }
      
                  k += size;
              }
      
              return partitions;
          }
      }
      
    • 執行 benchmark

      BenchmarkRunner.Run<InfluxDBTest>();
      

實際測試數據

執行五次測試,每次測試包含 insert 100,10,000,1,000,000 筆資料,測試結果如下

  1. 第一次

    Method Times Mean Error StdDev
    InsertTest 100 10.68 ms 0.2112 ms 0.3226 ms
    InsertTest 10000 98.28 ms 2.8324 ms 7.9425 ms
    InsertTest 1000000 9,049.60 ms 172.0483 ms 176.6809 ms
  2. 第二次

    Method Times Mean Error StdDev
    InsertTest 100 10.88 ms 0.2165 ms 0.5103 ms
    InsertTest 10000 93.86 ms 1.8598 ms 4.4915 ms
    InsertTest 1000000 9,239.67 ms 181.5064 ms 186.3937 ms
  3. 第三次

    Method Times Mean Error StdDev
    InsertTest 100 10.88 ms 0.2165 ms 0.5103 ms
    InsertTest 10000 93.86 ms 1.8598 ms 4.4915 ms
    InsertTest 1000000 9,239.67 ms 181.5064 ms 186.3937 ms
  4. 第四次

    Method Times Mean Error StdDev
    InsertTest 100 11.71 ms 0.6246 ms 1.832 ms
    InsertTest 10000 94.54 ms 2.1136 ms 6.098 ms
    InsertTest 1000000 9,372.18 ms 185.2235 ms 265.642 ms
  5. 第五次

    Method Times Mean Error StdDev
    InsertTest 100 10.45 ms 0.2332 ms 0.3766 ms
    InsertTest 10000 93.05 ms 1.8342 ms 4.3946 ms
    InsertTest 1000000 9,103.24 ms 134.9402 ms 126.2232 ms

心得

比照一下之前筆記 [Benchmark] 使用 C# 對 NoSQL insert 操作的效能數據,可以發現 InfluxDB 在 insert 的效能只輸給 PostgreSQL -json,甚至比 MongoDB 還要來得快 - 不排除 .NET Core 2.2.101.NET Core SDK 2.2.301 或是 SDK 版本的差異,但總體趨勢相信是正確的

經過簡單的測試後暫時不用擔心 InfluxDB 在 insert 上會跟不上系統需求

參考資訊

  1. 使用 C# 存取 InfluxDB
  2. [Benchmark] 使用 C# 對 NoSQL insert 操作的效能數據
  3. C# - 將 Object 的 Property 與 Value 轉換為 Dictionary